jb Electrolytic Capacitors

Electrolytic caps are more complex than film capacitors and are generally used for larger capacitance values (0.47 microfarad and higher). The electrolytic capacitor generally consists of 2 layers of aluminum foil with a layer of paper material between the plates. It looks a little like this:

jb Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor Usage at High Altitudes

Here are precautions in using aluminum electrolytic capacitors at high altitudes, such as in 
mountainous regions and in aircrafts.

As the altitude rises, the air pressure decreases. Therefore, if the capacitor is used at high altitudes, the atmospheric pressure becomes lower than the internal pressure of the capacitor. Due to the 
construction of the aluminum electrolytic capacitor, there is no concern in using them at altitudes lower than about 10,000 (m).

jb Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor Recommended Conditions

For reflow, use thermal conduction systems such as infrared radiation (IR) or hot blast. Vapor heat 
transfer systems (VPS) are not recommended.

Observe proper soldering conditions (temperature, time, etc.).
Do not exceed the specified limits.
Temperature measuring method: Measure temperature in assuming quantitative production, by sticking the thermo-couple to the capacitor upper part with epoxy adhesives.
Consult us for additional reflow restrictions.

jb Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor -----JNE Features、Construction

Features

  • Load life of 2000 hours at 105°C
  • High ripple current
  • Smaller size
  • PCB Mounting

Construction

  • Charge/discharge-proof, polar
  • Aluminum case, fully insulated with PVC
  • Version with PET insulation available
  • Version with additional PET insulation cap on terminal side
  • available for insulating the capacitor from the PCB
  • Snap-in solder pins to hold component in place on PC-board
  • Minus pole marking on case surface
  • Minus pole not insulated from case
  • Overload protection by safety vent on the base

jb suggest Choosing value and rating when replacing elctrolytic capacitors.

As already mentioned, never go below the voltage rating of the original part. Standards in voltage ratings have changed over the years, so you may not be able to find an exact replacement for the 250V capacitor you want to replace. Instead use 270V or even more. The only adverse effects of using a too high rating is price and, maybe, physical size; small problems compared to the risk of a capacitor impersonating a large firecracker inside your equipment!

Same is true of capacitance values: Standards have changed, and instead of old values like 15MF, 32MF, 50MF, etc, you will find 16, 33, 67, and such. The capacitance values of electrolytic capacitors are normally not very critical to the circuitry function, especially not in filters. A good rule of thumb is to go for the range between -20% to +100% of the original value, of course choosing a value as close as you can get.

There is a caveat here: If those capacitors have already been changed once, the values you look at may already deviate from the original values. If a 260V 40MF capacitor has sometime along the route been replaced with a 450V 67MF, you could be heading for problems; a 650V 100MF replacement will probably work, but we are getting out of bounds (oversize filter caps put extra strain on rectifier tubes, not to mention the price). So it would be nice to make a rough calculation to see if the value we are aiming for is reasonable.

jb Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors Temperature Capacitance

The typical temperature range for aluminum electrolytic capacitors is –40 °C to 85 °C or 105 °C. Capacitance varies about +5% –40% over the range with the capacitance loss all at cold temperatures. Capacitors rated –55 °C generally only have –10 % to –20 % capacitance loss at –40 °C. Cold temperature performance for rated voltages of 300 V and higher is often worse, and temperature performance varies by manufacturer.

jb Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors Construction -- Winding

Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors capacitor element is wound on a winding machine with spindles for one-to-four separator papers, the anode foil, another set of one-to-four separator papers and the cathode foil. These are wound into a cylinder and wrapped with a strip of pressure-sensitive tape to prevent unwinding.  The separators prevent the foils from touching and shorting, and the separators later hold the reservoir of electrolyte.

Before or during winding aluminum tabs are attached to the foils for later connection to the capacitor terminals. The best method is by cold-welding of the tabs to the foils with tab locations microprocessor controlled during winding so that the capacitor element’s inductance can be less than 2 nH.  The older method of attachment is by staking, a process of punching the tab through the foil and folding down the punched metal. Cold welding reduces short-circuit failures and performs better in high-ripple current and discharge applications in which the individual stakes may fail from high current like buttons popping off one at a time from a fat-man’s vest.

jb Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor Overview

Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor are connected in series, back-to-back with the positive terminals or the negative terminals connected, the resulting single capacitor is a non-polar capacitor with half the capacitance. The two capacitors rectify the applied voltage and act as if they had been bypassed by diodes.  When voltage is applied, the correct-polarity capacitor gets the full voltage. In non-polar aluminum electrolytic capacitors and motor-start aluminum electrolytic capacitors a second anode foil substitutes for the cathode foil to achieve a non-polar capacitor in a single case.

jb Capacitors markets Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors, including JNCJNE ,JNG ,JNJ , JNK , JMJ ……The following Picture shows our Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors. For the detailed information ,We introduced in our website www.jbcapacitors.com .If necessary, you can contact our sales directly. I am sure you can get your satisfaction.

jb Electrolytic capacitor Leakage

Although Electrolytic Capacitors have much higher levels of capacitance for a given volume than most other capacitor technologies, they can also have a higher level of leakage. This is not a problem for most applications, such as when they are used in power supplies. However under some circumstances they are not suitable. For example they should not be used around the input circuitry of an operational amplifier. Here even a small amount of leakage can cause problems because of the high input impedance levels of the op-amp. It is also worth noting that the levels of leakage are considerably higher in the reverse direction.

jb Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor Polarisation

Unlike many other types of capacitor, electrolytic capacitors are polarised and must be connected within a circuit so that they only see a voltage across them in a particular way. The capacitors themselves are marked so that polarity can easily be seen. In addition to this it is common for the can of the capacitor to be connected to the negative terminal.

It is absolutely necessary to ensure that any electrolytic capacitors are connected within a circuit with the correct polarity. A reverse bias voltage will cause the centre oxide layer forming the dielectric to be destroyed as a result of electrochemical reduction. If this occurs a short circuit will appear and excessive current can cause the capacitor to become very hot. If this occurs the component may leak the electrolyte, but under some circumstances they can explode. As this is not uncommon, it is very wise to take precautions and ensure the capacitor is fitted correctly, especially in applications where high current capability exists.