Choosing value and rating when replacing electrolytic capacitors

As already mentioned at previous blog, never go below the voltage rating of the original part. Standards in voltage ratings have changed over the years, so you may not be able to find an exact replacement for the 250V capacitor you want to replace. Instead use 270V or even more. The only adverse effects of using a too high rating is price and, maybe, physical size; small problems compared to the risk of a capacitor impersonating a large firecracker inside your equipment!

Same is true of capacitance values: Standards have changed, and instead of old values like 15MF, 32MF, 50MF, etc, you will find 16, 33, 67, and such. The capacitance values of electrolytic capacitors are normally not very critical to the circuitry function, especially not in filters. A good rule of thumb is to go for the range between -20% to +100% of the original value, of course choosing a value as close as you can get.

There is a caveat here: If those capacitors have already been changed once, the values you look at may already deviate from the original values. If a 260V 40MF capacitor has sometime along the route been replaced with a 450V 67MF, you could be heading for problems; a 650V 100MF replacement will probably work, but we are getting out of bounds (oversize filter caps put extra strain on rectifier tubes, not to mention the price). So it would be nice to make a rough calculation to see if the value we are aiming for is reasonable.

jb told you have three sure ways to kill an electrolytic capacitor,please be noted.

Overvoltage: If the specified voltage is exceeded, current will leak through the isolation, not in a slow way that might regenerate weak areas, but violently, creating hotspots where additional break-down occurs. The danger of explosion is imminent.

Reversed polarity: As described, the inverse of regeneration = self destruction, will occur. If the applied voltage is near the normal (right polarity) working voltage, break-down is quick and violent. The effect of a low inverse voltage might be reversible.

Heat: Heat shortens the life of an electrolytic capacitor. A good rule of thumb is that every 10deg C over 85 will cut the life expectancy in half.

The rules for a long peaceful life are, of course, the opposite. When replacing electrolytic capacitors in old equipment, never, never go below the voltage rating of the original parts. Modern components are usually more compact, so if you cannot get the exact rating, choose a higher one, there will usually be room for it. If wrong polarization or overvoltage has caused an electrolytic capacitor to become hot, discard it. Look out for heat sources, in old power supplies, there is often a large hot drop resistor placed near the filter capacitor, make sure it doesn’t transfer too much heat to the capacitor.

jb Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors

Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors are used in frequency converters, switch-mode power supplies, power converters, uninterruptible power supplies and electronic flash units for studio photography. They are distinguished by high volumetric capacitance and outstanding current-handling capability.

jb Capacitors, founded in 1980 in Taiwan, has long history on producing full series of Plastic Film Capacitors and snap-in, screw, lug Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors. Compared with other competitors, we offer top quality products with very competitive price. Also, our products are RoHS compliant and SGS certification.

Type: Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors

Specification:
Load life of 2000 hours at 85℃ and 105℃
Hight ripple current
Smaller size
PCB Mounting
Series:
Snap in type,85℃. for speaker network
Sanp in type,105℃, miniaturized
Snap in type,85℃, general miniaurized, long life
Snap in type,105℃,miniaturized,long life
Screw type,85℃,long life
Screw type,85℃,general, life
Screw type,85℃,miniaturized
Lug type,for photo flash
Lug type, for motor starting

Electrolytic Capacitors

Aluminum electrolytic capacitors are made by layering the electrolytic paper between the anode and cathode foils, and then coiling the result. The process of preparing an electrode facing the etched anode foil surface is extremely difficult. Therefore, the opposing electrode is created by filling the structure with an electrolyte. Due to this process, the electrolyte essentially functions as the cathode.

Electrolytic capacitors are soaked in a liquid or paper impregnated with a liquid which is not a dielectric but when a voltage is applied creates a layer of aluminium oxide which acts the dielectric. The reaction is dependent on the polarity of the applied voltage. If the polarity is reversed the capacitor will produce a gas and is likely to explode or burst because of the pressure inside and so are not suitable for alternating current applications.

JSW - Lug Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor, for Motor Starting

jb Capacitors manufactures and markets Lug Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor, for Motor Starting, which widely used for the compressor starter of a refrigerator and air-conditioner and for the water pumps. Following are Lug Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor features, specifications and dimensions.

JSW - Lug Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor (for Motor Starting) Features

  • Load life of 75000 times and 30000 times
  • For motor starting
  • Used for the compressor starter of a refrigerator and air-conditioner and for the water pumps

JSW - Lug Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor (for Motor Starting) Parameters download PDF files